Taquileis an island on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca 45 km offshore from the city of Puno. About 2,200 people live on the island, which is 5.5 by 1.6 km in size. The highest point of the island is 4050 meters above sea level and the main village is at 3950 m. The inhabitants, known as Taquileños, are southern Quechua speakers.In 2005, "Taquile and Its Textile Art" were honoured by being proclaimed "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO.
The Uros are a pre-Incan people who live on forty-two self-fashioned floating islands inLake Titicaca Puno, Peru and Bolivia. The islets are made of totora reeds, which grow in the lake. The dense roots that the plants develop and interweave form a natural layer called Khili (about one to two meters thick) that support the islands. They are anchored with ropes attached to sticks driven into the bottom of the lake.