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Mahasmashana, The ground of great cremation: The whole city is the ground of cremation whose controller is Lord Shiva. The word Mahasmashana is explained as: Maha (great), Sma (dead body), and Shan (final rest). All the five gross elements (earth, water, air, fire and sky) live here like corpses. At present there, are two cremation ghats (Harishchandra ghat, Manikarnika ghat) in Varanasi. More than 50,000 dead bodies are cremated here in a year. People come here from all other parts of India to get salvation.