The northern part of North America that today is known as Canada was far from being a "vast empty land" when the first white people arrived. It was inhabited from the Atlantic to the Pacific by people who were mistakenly called Indians by the European explorers.

Wolves are also culturally significant for many Aboriginal groups in Ontario. In Aboriginal culture, wolves represent loyalty, co-operation, love and care for the family and community, and their pelts are often used in the preparation of Aboriginal ceremonial dress.