The Wauja (pronouced Wow-sha) also named - Waura , Vaurá, Aurá, inhabit the area surrounding Piyulaga Lake, a name which may be translated as ‘place’ or ‘fishing camp,’ and which also supplies the name of the village. The lake is linked by a channel to the right shore of the lower Batovi river, in the western region of the basin formed by the affluents of the upper Xingu river, in the state of Mato Grosso. Inhabitants of the Xingu Indigenous Park, the Wauja or Waura, who, under the protection of the FUNAI authorities (National foundation of Indians), have the sole rights to the use of their land and whose territory is only open to those who have been explicitly invited. Nearly all (270) of the existing Waurá live together in one circular village.