Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolis. Nepal has a rich geography. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized.
A strong (7.8) earthquake hit Nepal in the area near Saurpani, between capital Kathmandu and tourist town Pokhara. The earthquake was followed by many powerful aftershocks and a new earthquake (6.7) hit Nepal on Sunday April 26. The earthquakes caused extensive damage to buildings and thousands of deaths and injuries and was even felt in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. Many (historic) buildings collapsed, temples have been ruined, roads destroyed. Nepal is one of the world's poorest nations, and its economy, largely based on tourism and agriculture, has been crippled by the earthquake.